Transport Canada’s Environmental Assessment (EA) program is one of the three Environmental Management programs under the National Environmental Management System.
The EA program evaluates the environmental effects of projects on federal lands in accordance with the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act 2012 (CEAA 2012). Identifying the environmental effects (positive or negative) of a project proposal before they occur on federal lands allows for the modification of the project to prevent, minimize, or manage harmful environmental effects. This process is an important planning and decision-making tool for pursuing sustainable development. Transport Canada environmental officers also monitor the application and effectiveness of mitigation measures related to these projects as well as for projects that continue to require monitoring under the former Canadian Environmental Assessment Act.
Under CEAA 2012, the EA program provides expert information or knowledge related to Transport Canada’s mandate for projects undergoing a federal EA.
The department is also involved in evaluating environmental effects of projects subject to EA processes in the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut.
At Transport Canada, environmental concerns are incorporated into planning and policy decision-making through Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) SEAs are conducted pursuant to the Cabinet Directive on the Environmental Assessment of Policy, Plan and Program Proposals. The EA Program oversees the departmental SEA program.
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