Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics: 2008

Transport Canada
Motor Vehicle Safety
Collected in co-operation with the
Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators
TP 3322
Cat. T45-3/2008
ISBN 978-1-100-52046-9
2010


Table of Contents



 Collisions and Casualties1 1989–2008
Year Collisions Victims
Fatal2 Personal Injury3 Fatalities4 Serious Injuries5 Injuries6 (Total)
1989 3,651 192,595 4,238 27,422 285,178
1990 3,445 178,515 3,963 25,183 262,680
1991 3,228 170,693 3,690 26,035 249,217
1992 3,073 169,640 3,501 25,521 249,823
1993 3,121 168,106 3,615 23,902 247,593
1994 2,837 164,642 3,230 22,830 241,899
1995 2,817 161,950 3,313 21,494 238,458
1996 2,740r 153,944r 3,129r 18,734r 227,283r
1997 2,660r 147,549r 3,076r 17,294r 217,401r
1998 2,583r 145,615r 2,919r 16,197r 213,319r
1999 2,632r 148,683r 2,980r 16,187r 218,457r
2000 2,547r 153,300r 2,903r 15,583r 222,869r
2001* 2,413r 148,996r 2,756r 15,285r 216,489r
2002 2,583r 153,859r 2,921r 15,907r 222,707r
2003 2,489r 150,545r 2,779r 15,125r 216,210r
2004 2,436r 145,248r 2,731r 15,591r 206,229r
2005 2,551r 145,603r 2,898r 15,814r 204,764r
2006 2,599r 142,531r 2,884r 15,885r 199,994r
2007 2,462r 138,632r 2,761r 14,236r 192,762r
2008 2,187 126,945 2,419 12,360 178,833

Cracked windshield1. "Collisions and casualties" were revised from 1996 to 2007 based on submissions from one jurisdiction. In this report, "casualties" combine death and injury from vehicle crashes.

2. "Fatal collisions" include all reported motor vehicle crashes that resulted in at least one death, where death occurred within 30 days of the collision, except in Quebec (eight days).

3. "Personal injury collisions" include all reported motor vehicle crashes that resulted in at least one injury, but not death, within 30 days of the collision, except in Quebec (eight days).

4. "Fatalities" include all those who died as a result of a reported traffic collision within 30 days of its occurrence, except in Quebec (eight days).

5. "Serious injuries" include persons admitted to hospital for treatment or observation. Serious injuries were estimated from 1989 to 2008 because several jurisdictions under-reported these numbers.

6. "Total injuries" include all reported severity of injuries ranging from minimal to serious.

* Data for Nunavut are not reported for 2001, except for fatalities.

r Revised.



 Fatalities and Injuries by Age Group 2008
Age Group (Years) Fatalities Serious Injuries Injuries (Total)
0–4 13 121 2,300
5–14 50 477 8,307
15–19 258 1,454 21,310
20–24 329 1,701 22,405
25–34 369 2,223 31,504
35–44 308 1,871 28,049
45–54 366 1,847 27,139
55–64 292 1,183 16,512
65 + 409 1,176 14,174
Not stated 25 307 7,133
TOTAL 2,419 12,360 178,833


 Fatalities by Road User Class 2004–2008
Road User Class   2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Drivers # 1,392r 1,498r 1,513r 1,409r 1,315
  % 51.0 51.7 52.5 51.0 54.4
Passengers # 648r 682r 612r 614r 494
  % 23.7 23.5 21.2 22.2 20.4
Pedestrians # 364r 342r 376r 376r 299
  % 13.3 11.8 13.0 13.6 12.4
Bicyclists # 58r 52 73r 65r 42
  % 2.1 1.8 2.5 2.4 1.7
Motorcyclists* # 198r 233r 212r 225r 218
  % 7.3 8.0 7.4 8.1 9.0
Not Stated/Other # 71r 91r 98r 72r 51
  % 2.6 3.1 3.4 2.6 2.1
Total # 2,731r 2,898r 2,884r 2,761r 2,419
  % 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

* Includes moped riders.

r Revised.



Fatalities 1989-2008
Fatalities 1989-2008



 Casualty Rates 2008
  Per 100,000 Population1 Per Billion Vehicle-Kilometres2 Per 100,000 Licensed Drivers
  Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries
CANADA 7.3 536.6 7.4 549.2 10.5 778.6
N.L. 8.3 402.2 8.0 385.9 11.8 571.1
P.E.I. 13.6 452.5 14.9 496.5 19.7 654.3
N.S. 8.8 754.1 8.6 743.6 11.7 1,011.6
N.B. 9.5 478.6 9.6 482.2 13.1 661.0
QUE. 7.2 561.9 8.1 632.1 11.2 875.9
ONT. 4.8 484.5 5.0 479.9 6.8 661.7
MAN. 7.6 651.8 8.1 689.1 12.0 1,027.6
SASK. 15.4 683.9 12.2 541.0 21.9 973.0
ALTA. 11.4 612.2 8.6 464.2 15.3 824.1
B.C. 8.1 502.5 9.9 613.1 11.6 719.1
Y.T. 24.1 723.5 15.4 461.4 32.4 970.7
N.W.T. 11.4 395.7 11.8 408.8 20.6 711.3
NUN. 12.6 129.7 132.5 1,357.6 n.a. n.a.

1. Statistics Canada, Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2009, Catalogue No. 91-215-X.

2. Statistics Canada, Canadian Vehicle Survey, Catalogue No. 53-223-XIE.

Note: Data for Ontario are preliminary for 2008.

n.a. : Data are not available.



Percentage of drivers tested who died and tests confirmed they had been drinking 1990–2008 (BAC >0 mg%)*
Percentage of drivers tested who died and tests confirmed they had been drinking 1990–2008 (BAC >0 mg%)

* BAC: Blood Alcohol Concentration.
mg%: Weight of alcohol in the bloodstream stated as milligrams in 100 millilitres of blood.

1 Before 2001, BAC categories were reported as 81-150 mg% and >150 mg%.

Note: 2008 data are preliminary.

Source: Traffic Injury Research Foundation.



 Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries Where Victims Were Not Using Seat Belts 2004–2008
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Drivers          
Fatalities 40.2 34.9 36.9 35.3 34.9
Serious Injuries 16.3 14.3 16.2 16.0 15.6
Passengers          
Fatalities 39.6 35.4 38.7 39.1 38.3
Serious Injuries 23.4 19.9 24.6 24.8 21.6

Note: "Serious Injuries" include victims admitted to hospital for treatment or observation.



 Number of Collisions by Location 2008
Location Fatal Personal Injury
Urban1 701 87,179
Rural2 1,450 38,079
Not Stated 36 1,687
TOTAL 2,187 126,945

1. Urban includes:

  1. Car driving in the wintermetropolitan roads and streets, and other urban areas; or
  2. a speed limit at the collision site of 60 km/h or less.

2. Rural includes:

  1. primary or secondary highways, as well as local roads; or
  2. a speed limit at the collision site above 60 km/h.

Note: In Alberta, New Brunswick, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, "urban" includes any area within the corporate boundaries of a city, town, village or hamlet. "Rural" includes any area outside of what is defined as "urban".



 Percentage of Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Road User Class 2008
Road User Class Fatalities Serious Injuries
Drivers 54.4 47.4
Passengers 20.4 23.5
Pedestrians 12.4 12.4
Bicyclists 1.7 3.8
Motorcyclists 9.0 10.3
Not Stated/Other 2.1 2.6
Total 100.0 100.0


Afternoon traffic on the highway.



 Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Age Group 2008
Age Group (Years) Fatalities Serious Injuries
Drivers Passengers Drivers Passengers
0–4 0.0 1.8 0.3 2.3
5–14 0.2 5.6 0.4 7.5
15–19 8.7 20.6 9.7 18.5
20–24 14.8 14.6 14.1 16.0
25–34 16.4 14.6 20.5 15.6
35–44 13.8 8.4 17.6 11.1
45–54 16.4 9.8 17.0 9.1
55–64 12.6 8.8 10.8 6.5
65+ 16.9 14.0 9.2 8.9
Not Stated 0.1 1.8 0.3 4.5
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


 Number of Licensed Drivers by Gender and by Age 2008
Age Group (Years) Male Female Total
<16 29,266 20,113 49,379
16–19 588,189 518,044 1,106,233
20–24 938,594 866,632 1,805,226
25–34 2,013,542 1,937,366 3,950,908
35–44 2,263,944 2,152,741 4,416,685
45–54 2,505,688 2,359,606 4,865,294
55–64 1,878,726 1,719,660 3,598,386
65+ 1,732,610 1,445,124 3,177,734
Not Stated 0 0 2,558
Total 11,950,559 11,019,286 22,972,403


 Licensed Drivers and Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type of Vehicle (in thousands) 1989–2008
  Licensed Drivers1 Light-Duty Vehicles2 Commercial Vehicles3 Motorcycles4
1989 17,592 12,380 3,962 378
1990 17,718 12,622 4,000 359
1991 18,090 12,578 3,516 350
1992 18,465 12,781 3,461 339
1993 18,843 12,925 3,455 337
1994 19,243 13,131 3,510 330
1995 19,327 13,192 3,535 320
1996 19,964 13,251 3,620 312
1997 20,148 13,515 3,684 319
1998e 20,744 13,887 3,767 334
1999 20,934 16,538 722 274
2000 20,593 16,832 739 311
2001 20,879 17,055 729 318
2002 21,163 17,543 724 350
2003 21,436 17,755 740 373
2004 21,673 17,920 752 409
2005 21,937 18,124 786 443
2006 22,278 18,739 841 485
2007 22,606 19,199 872 522
2008 22,972 19,613 907 567

1. Excludes temporary permits prior to 1999.

2. Pre-1999, these registrations include passenger automobiles. From 1999, light-duty vehicles include passenger vehicles (automobiles, passenger vans), light trucks and vans (less than 4,500 kg).

3. Pre-1999, these registrations include trucks, buses and other commercial vehicles, such as vans. From 1999, these registrations include commercial vehicles (trucks and buses) greater than 4,500 kg.

4. Includes mopeds.

e Estimated.

Source: 1989 to 1998: Statistics Canada Road Motor Vehicles, Catalogue No. 53-219. From 1999, the motor vehicle registration data are from Statistics Canada, CANSIM, Table 405-0004. From 1999 the licensed driver data were provided by each jurisdiction.

The decline in police reporting in British Columbia in years 1996 through 2004 has affected the British Columbia totals and, to a lesser extent, national totals reported in this publication.



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Road Safety and Motor Vehicle
Regulation Directorate
Transport Canada
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