Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics: 2008
Motor Vehicle Safety
Collected in co-operation with the
Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators
Table of Contents
- Collisions and Casualties 1989–2008
- Fatalities and Injuries by Age Group 2008
- Fatalities by Road User Class 2004–2008
- Fatalities 1989-2008
- Casualty Rates 2008
- Percentage of drivers tested who died and tests confirmed they had been drinking 1990–2008 (BAC >0 mg%)
- Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries Where Victims Were Not Using Seat Belts 2004–2008
- Number of Collisions by Location 2008
- Percentage of Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Road User Class 2008
- Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Age Group 2008
- Number of Licensed Drivers by Gender and by Age 2008
- Licensed Drivers and Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type of Vehicle (in thousands) 1989–2008
|Fatal2||Personal Injury3||Fatalities4||Serious Injuries5||Injuries6 (Total)|
1. "Collisions and casualties" were revised from 1996 to 2007 based on submissions from one jurisdiction. In this report, "casualties" combine death and injury from vehicle crashes.
2. "Fatal collisions" include all reported motor vehicle crashes that resulted in at least one death, where death occurred within 30 days of the collision, except in Quebec (eight days).
3. "Personal injury collisions" include all reported motor vehicle crashes that resulted in at least one injury, but not death, within 30 days of the collision, except in Quebec (eight days).
4. "Fatalities" include all those who died as a result of a reported traffic collision within 30 days of its occurrence, except in Quebec (eight days).
5. "Serious injuries" include persons admitted to hospital for treatment or observation. Serious injuries were estimated from 1989 to 2008 because several jurisdictions under-reported these numbers.
6. "Total injuries" include all reported severity of injuries ranging from minimal to serious.
* Data for Nunavut are not reported for 2001, except for fatalities.
|Age Group (Years)||Fatalities||Serious Injuries||Injuries (Total)|
|Road User Class||2004||2005||2006||2007||2008|
* Includes moped riders.
|Per 100,000 Population1||Per Billion Vehicle-Kilometres2||Per 100,000 Licensed Drivers|
1. Statistics Canada, Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2009, Catalogue No. 91-215-X.
2. Statistics Canada, Canadian Vehicle Survey, Catalogue No. 53-223-XIE.
Note: Data for Ontario are preliminary for 2008.
n.a. : Data are not available.
Percentage of drivers tested who died and tests confirmed they had been drinking 1990–2008 (BAC >0 mg%)*
* BAC: Blood Alcohol Concentration.
mg%: Weight of alcohol in the bloodstream stated as milligrams in 100 millilitres of blood.
1 Before 2001, BAC categories were reported as 81-150 mg% and >150 mg%.
Note: 2008 data are preliminary.
Source: Traffic Injury Research Foundation.
Note: "Serious Injuries" include victims admitted to hospital for treatment or observation.
1. Urban includes:
- metropolitan roads and streets, and other urban areas; or
- a speed limit at the collision site of 60 km/h or less.
2. Rural includes:
- primary or secondary highways, as well as local roads; or
- a speed limit at the collision site above 60 km/h.
Note: In Alberta, New Brunswick, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, "urban" includes any area within the corporate boundaries of a city, town, village or hamlet. "Rural" includes any area outside of what is defined as "urban".
|Road User Class||Fatalities||Serious Injuries|
|Age Group (Years)||Fatalities||Serious Injuries|
|Age Group (Years)||Male||Female||Total|
|Licensed Drivers1||Light-Duty Vehicles2||Commercial Vehicles3||Motorcycles4|
1. Excludes temporary permits prior to 1999.
2. Pre-1999, these registrations include passenger automobiles. From 1999, light-duty vehicles include passenger vehicles (automobiles, passenger vans), light trucks and vans (less than 4,500 kg).
3. Pre-1999, these registrations include trucks, buses and other commercial vehicles, such as vans. From 1999, these registrations include commercial vehicles (trucks and buses) greater than 4,500 kg.
4. Includes mopeds.
Source: 1989 to 1998: Statistics Canada Road Motor Vehicles, Catalogue No. 53-219. From 1999, the motor vehicle registration data are from Statistics Canada, CANSIM, Table 405-0004. From 1999 the licensed driver data were provided by each jurisdiction.
The decline in police reporting in British Columbia in years 1996 through 2004 has affected the British Columbia totals and, to a lesser extent, national totals reported in this publication.
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