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Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics: 2007

Transport Canada
Motor Vehicle Safety
Collected in co-operation with the
Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators
TP 3322
Cat. T45-3/2007
ISBN 978-1-100-50862-7
2010


Table of Contents



 Collisions and Casualties1 1988–2007
Collisions Victims
  Fatal2 Personal Injury3 Fatalities4 Serious Injuries5 Injuries6 (Total)
1988 3,610 190,094 4,154 28,031 278,820
1989 3,651 192,595 4,238 27,422 285,178
1990 3,445 178,515 3,963 25,183 262,680
1991 3,228 170,693 3,690 26,035 249,217
1992 3,073 169,640 3,501 25,521 249,823
1993 3,121 168,106 3,615 23,902 247,593
1994 2,837r 164,642r 3,230r 22,830 241,899r
1995 2,817r 161,950r 3,313r 21,494 238,458r
1996 2,679 153,966 3,062 18,737 227,320
1997 2,617 147,538 3,033 17,294 217,403
1998 2,576 145,612 2,911 16,409 213,304
1999 2,635 148,660 2,984 16,186 218,437
2000 2,569 153,273 2,927 15,579 222,830
2001* 2,432 148,961 2,776 15,282 216,441
2002 2,594 153,850 2,932 15,906 222,706
2003 2,486 150,473r 2,768 15,104 216,089
2004 2,430 145,256 2,722 15,605 206,232
2005 2,558 145,604 2,905 15,812 204,751
2006 2,610r 142,508r 2,895r 15,861r 199,966r
2007 2,469 138,470 2,767 13,723 194,177

Cars on the street1. Collisions and casualties were revised from 1996 to 2005 based on submissions from one jurisdiction.

2. "Fatal collisions" include all reported motor vehicle crashes that resulted in at least one death, where death occurred within 30 days of the collision, except in Quebec (eight days).

3. "Personal injury collisions" include all reported motor vehicle crashes that resulted in at least one injury, but not death, within 30 days of the collision, except in Quebec (eight days).

4. "Fatalities" include all those who died as a result of a reported traffic collision within 30 days of its occurrence, except in Quebec (eight days).

5. "Serious injuries" include persons admitted to hospital for treatment or observation. Serious injuries were estimated from 1988 to 2006 because several jurisdictions underreported these numbers.

6. "Total injuries" include all reported severities of injuries ranging from minimal to serious.

* Data for Nunavut are not reported for 2001, except for fatalities.

r Revised.



 Fatalities and Injuries by Age Group 2007
Age Group (years) Fatalities Serious Injuries Injuries (Total)
0–4 19 105 2,490
5–14 80 521 9,247
15–19 301 1,721 23,608
20–24 371 1,924 25,168
25–34 436 2,451 34,407
35–44 379 2,193 31,239
45–54 398 1,915 28,557
55–64 302 1,222 17,354
65+ 446 1,338 15,369
Not stated 35 333 6,738
Total 2,767 13,723 194,177


 Fatalities by Road User Class 2003–2007
Road User Class   2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Drivers # 1,427r 1,388r 1,507r 1,516r 1,444
  % 51.6 51.0 51.9r 52.4r 52.2
Passengers # 658r 648r 677r 614r 609
  % 23.8r 23.8r 23.3r 21.2r 22.0
Pedestrians # 379 363 344 382r 377
  % 13.7 13.3 11.8 13.2r 13.6
Bicyclists # 45 56 52 73 65
  % 1.6 2.1 1.8 2.5r 2.3
Motorcyclists* # 177 198 229 212r 220
  % 6.4 7.3 7.9 7.3r 8.0
Not Stated/Other # 82r 69r 96r 98r 52
  % 2.9r 2.5r 3.3r 3.4r 1.9
Total # 2,768 2,722 2,905 2,895 2,767
  % 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
* Includes moped riders
r Revised.


Fatalities 1988-2007
Fatalities 1988–2007



 Casualty Rates 2007
  Per 100,000 Population1 Per Billion Vehicle-Kilometres2 Per 100,000 Licensed Drivers
  Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries
Canada 8.4 589.7 8.3 584.4 12.2 859.0
N.L. 8.1 447.0 9.4 519.0 12.0 661.3
P.E.I. 5.8 587.2 5.6 565.6 8.3 837.5
N.S. 10.6 655.2 9.3 577.9 14.9 924.6
N.B. 11.9 500.2 11.0 459.5 16.6 693.9
Que. 8.1 624.2 8.8 678.6 12.6 977.3
Ont. 6.0 523.7 6.2 534.8 8.6 749.0
Man. 9.1 715.6 7.9 617.1 14.2 1,113.0
Sask. 14.3 684.7 10.6 509.0 20.8 993.7
Alta. 13.0 698.7 9.6 513.2 17.6 942.9
B.C. 9.7 602.5 11.6 725.5 13.9 864.2
Y.T. 15.3 638.4 10.3 427.0 20.7 862.0
N.W.T. 11.5 358.3 13.9 435.0 20.5 638.2
Nun. 0.0 48.0 0.0 461.5 0.0 n.a.

1 Statistics Canada, Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2008, Catalogue No. 91-215-X.

2 Statistics Canada, Canadian Vehicle Survey, Catalogue No. 53-223-XIE.

Note: Data for Ontario are preliminary for 2007.

n.a.: Data are not available.



Percentage of Fatally Injured Drivers Tested and Found to Have Been Drinking 1990–2007 (BAC >0 mg%)*
Percentage of Fatally Injured Drivers Tested and Found to Have Been Drinking 1990–2007 (BAC >0 mg%) Reference 1 Reference 1

*BAC: Blood Alcohol Concentration.

mg%: Weight of alcohol in the bloodstream stated as milligrams in 100 millilitres of blood.

1 Before 2001, BAC categories were reported as 81–150 mg% and >150 mg%.

Note: 2007 data are preliminary.

Source: Traffic Injury Research Foundation.



 Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries Where Victims Were Not Using Seat Belts 2003–2007
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Drivers          
Fatalities 38.8 40.2 34.9 36.9 35.4
Serious Injuries 15.5 16.3 14.3 16.2 16.3
Passengers          
Fatalities 39.4 39.6 35.4 38.7 38.8
Serious Injuries 20.9 23.4 19.9 24.6 24.9

Note: "Serious injuries" include victims admitted to hospital for treatment or observation.



 Number of Collisions by Location 2007
Location Fatal Personal Injury
Urban1 900 97,115
Rural2 1,579 39,396
Not Stated 40 1,959
Total 2,469 138,470

Hands on the steering wheel1 Urban includes:

  1. metropolitan roads and streets, and other urban areas; or
  2. a speed limit at the collision site of 60 km/h or less.

2 Rural includes:

  1. primary or secondary highways, as well as local roads; or
  2. a speed limit at the collision site above 60 km/h

Note: In Alberta and Saskatchewan, "urban" includes any area within the corporate boundaries of a city, town, village or hamlet. "rural" includes any area outside of what is defined as urban.



 Percentage of Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Road User Class 2007
Road User Class Fatalities Serious Injuries
Drivers 52.2 47.9
Passengers 22.0 24.5
Pedestrians 13.6 12.2
Bicyclists 2.3 3.1
Motorcyclists 8.0 10.1
Not Stated/Other 1.9 2.2
Total 100.0 100.0


 Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Age Group 2007
Age Group (years) Fatalities Serious Injuries
Drivers Passengers Drivers Passengers
0-4 0.0 2.1 0.0 2.1
5-14 0.1 8.0 0.3 7.4
15-19 9.5 16.9 9.8 18.8
20-24 14.6 13.7 13.8 16.2
25-34 18.1 15.6 20.2 15.6
35-44 15.9 9.3 18.9 11.6
45-54 15.9 10.8 16.9 9.0
55-64 12.1 7.4 10.7 6.3
65+ 13.6 15.3 9.0 8.8
Not Stated 0.2 0.9 0.4 4.2
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


 Number of Licensed Drivers by Gender and by Age 2007
Age Group (years) Male Female Total
<16 28,501 18,876 47,377
16-19 569,371 500,497 1,069,868
20-24 931,621 857,178 1,788,799
25-34 1,986,612 1,908,580 3,895,192
35-44 2,312,848 2,191,394 4,504,242
45-54 2,461,033 2,314,964 4,775,997
55-64 1,817,608 1,650,183 3,467,791
65+ 1,677,065 1,379,807 3,056,872
Total 11,784,659 10,821,479 22,606,138


 Licensed Drivers and Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type of Vehicle (in thousands) 1988–2007
  Licensed Drivers1 Light-Duty Vehicles2 Commercial Vehicles3 Motorcycles4
1988 17,155 12,086 3,850 400
1989 17,592 12,380 3,962 378
1990 17,718 12,622 4,000 359
1991 18,090 12,578 3,516 350
1992 18,465 12,781 3,461 339
1993 18,843 12,925 3,455 337
1994 19,243 13,131 3,510 330
1995 19,327 13,192 3,535 320
1996 19,964 13,251 3,620 312
1997 20,148 13,515 3,684 319
1998 20,744e 13,887 3,767 334
1999 20,934 16,538 722 274
2000 20,593 16,832 739 311
2001 20,879 17,055 729 318
2002 21,163 17,543 724 350
2003 21,436 17,755 740 373
2004 21,673 17,920 752 409
2005 21,937 18,124 786 443
2006 22,278 18,739 841 485
2007 22,606 19,199 872 522

1 Excludes temporary permits before 1999.

2 Pre-1999, these registrations include passenger automobiles. From 1999, light-duty vehicles include passenger vehicles (automobiles, passenger vans), light trucks and vans (less than 4,500 kg).

3 Pre-1999, these registrations include trucks, buses and other commercial vehicles, such as vans. From 1999, these registrations include commercial vehicles (trucks and buses) greater than 4,500 kg.

4 Includes mopeds.

e estimated.

Source: 1988 to 1998: Statistics Canada Road Motor Vehicles: Registrations Catalogue No. 53-219. From 1999, motor vehicle registration data are from Statistics Canada, CANSIM, Table 405-0004. From 1999, the licensed driver data were provided by each jurisdiction.

The decline in police reporting in British Columbia in years 1996 through 2004 has affected the British Columbia totals and, to a lesser extent, national totals reported in this publication.

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Road Safety and Motor Vehicle
Regulation Directorate
Transport Canada
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330 Sparks Street
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