Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics: 2006

Transport Canada
Motor Vehicle Safety
Collected in co-operation with the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators

TP 3322
Cat. T45-3/2006
ISBN 978-0-662-05229-6
December 2007

Order Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics: 2006

Table of Contents

The decline in police reporting in British Columbia in the years 1996 through 2004 has affected the British Columbia totals and, to a lesser extent, national totals reported in this publication.

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Road Safety and Motor Vehicle
Regulation Directorate
Transport Canada
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Casualty Rates

   Per 100,000 Population Per Billion Vehicle-Kilometres* Per 100,000 Licensed Drivers
  Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries Fatalities Injuries
Canada 8.9 604.0 8.9 604.2 13.0 884.5
N.L. 7.3 428.7 8.5 501.3 10.8 638.9
P.E.I. 18.8 604.2 25.0 803.6 26.8 863.9
N.S. 9.2 513.4 8.4 470.8 13.0 726.8
N.B. 14.1 519.1 12.3 452.3 19.9 729.5
Que. 9.4 649.9 10.3 711.1 14.8 1,027.1
Ont. 6.2 539.8 6.0 525.2 8.8 772.3
Man. 10.1 741.2 9.9 729.1 16.4 1,202.9
Sask. 13.9 686.6 12.2 604.4 20.2 999.8
Alta. 13.4 769.1 10.0 570.7 17.9 1,027.8
B.C. 9.6 586.0 12.9 789.5 14.0 855.3
Y.T. 41.6 746.1 24.2 434.5 55.3 991.1
N.W.T. 4.8 267.6 5.3 294.3 6.3 355.4
Nvt. 0.0 214.4 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Note: Data for Ontario and Saskatchewan are preliminary for 2006.
n.a.: Data are not available.

Collisions and Casualties - 1987-2006

  COLLISIONS VICTIMS
  FatalFootnote 1 Personal
InjuryFootnote 2
FatalitiesFootnote 3 Serious 
Injuries Footnote 4
InjuriesFootnote 5
(Total)
1987 3,729 193,237 4,283 28,000 280,605
1988 3,610 190,094 4,154 28,031 278,820
1989 3,651 192,595 4,238 27,422 284,937
1990 3,445 178,515 3,963 25,183 262,680
1991 3,228 170,693 3,690 26,035 249,217
1992 3,073 169,640 3,501 25,521 249,823
1993 3,121 168,106 3,615 23,902 247,593
1994 2,869 166,780 3,263 22,830 245,110
1995 2,854 164,190 3,351 21,494 241,935
1996 2,679 153,966 3,062 18,737 227,320
1997 2,617 147,538 3,033 17,294 217,403
1998 2,576 145,612 2,911 16,409 213,304
1999 2,635 148,660 2,984 16,186 218,437
2000 2,569 153,273 2,927 15,579 222,830
2001 Footnote * 2,432 148,961 2,776 15,282 216,441
2002 2,594 153,850 2,932 15,906 222,706
2003 2,486 150,474 2,768 15,104 216,089
2004 2,430 145,256 2,722 15,605 206,232
2005 2,558 145,604 2,905 15,812 204,751
2006 2,604 144,756 2,889 15,281 199,337

Fatalities - 1987-2006

canadian traffic fatalities and fatality rate, 1987-2006

Fatalities by Road User Class - 2002-2006

Road User Class 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Drivers #
%
1,516r
51.7
1,428r
51.6
1,389r
51.0r
1,507r
51.9r
1,546
53.5
Passengers #
%
712
24.3
649
23.4r
636
23.4r
661
22.8r
617
21.4
Pedestrians #
%
369r
12.6
379
13.7
363r
13.3r
344
11.8
374
12.9
Bicyclists #
%
63
2.1
45
1.6
56
2.1r
52
1.8
73
2.5
Motorcyclists * #
%
172
5.9
177
6.4
198
7.3
229
7.9r
218
7.6
Not stated/Other #
%
100
3.4
90
3.3r
80
2.9r
112
3.8r
61
2.1
Total #
%
2,932r
100.0
2,768r
100.0
2,722r
100.0
2,905r
100.0
2,889
100.0

2006 - Fatalities and Injuries by Age Group

Age Group Fatalities Serious Injuries Injuries (Total)
0 - 4 26 147 2,284
5 - 14 69 679 10,029
15 - 19 353 2,059 24,594
20 - 24 360 2,173 26,730
25 - 34 460 2,659 35,164
35 - 44 407 2,406 32,648
45 - 54 411 2,053 28,643
55 - 64 298 1,315 17,191
65 + 462 1,415 15,545
Not stated 43 375 6,509
Total 2,889 15,281 199,337

Licensed Drivers and Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type of Vehicle - 1987-2006 (in thousands)

  Licensed Drivers 1 Light-Duty Vehicles 2 Commercial Vehicles 3 Motorcycles 4
1987 16,927 11,686 3,659 448
1988 17,155 12,086 3,850 400
1989 17,592 12,380 3,962 378
1990 17,718 12,622 4,000 359
1991 18,090 12,578 3,516 350
1992 18,465 12,781 3,461 339
1993 18,843 12,925 3,455 337
1994 19,243 13,131 3,510 330
1995 19,327 13,192 3,535 320
1996 19,964 13,251 3,620 312
1997 20,148 13,515 3,684 319
1998 20,744e 13,887 3,767 334
1999 20,934 16,538 722 274
2000 20,593 16,832 739 311
2001 20,879 17,055 729 318
2002 21,163 17,543 724 350
2003 21,436 17,755 740 373
2004 21,673 17,920 752 409
2005 21,937 18,124 786 443
2006 22,278 18,739 841 485

Source: 1987 to 1998: Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 53-219, "Road Motor Vehicles - Registrations". From 1999, the motor vehicle registration data are from Statistics Canada, CANSIM, Table 405-0004. From 1999 the licensed driver data were provided by each jurisdiction.

2006 - Number of Collisions by Location

Location Fatal Personal Injury
Urban 1 954 102,134
Rural 2 1,625 40,909
Not stated 25 1,713
Total 2,604 144,756

1 Urban includes: (a) metropolitan roads and streets and other urban areas, or (b) a speed limit at the collision site of 60 km/h or less.

2 Rural includes: (a) primary or secondary highways, as well as local roads, or (b) a speed limit at the collision site exceeding 60 km/h.

Note: In Alberta and Saskatchewan, "Urban" includes any area within the boundaries of a city, town, village or hamlet. "Rural" includes any area outside of what is defined as "Urban".

2006 - Number of Licensed Drivers by Gender and by Age

Age Group (yrs) Males Females Total
< 16 28,165 18,339 46,504
16 - 19 559,475 492,815 1,052,290
20 - 24 929,825 856,188 1,786,013
25 - 34 1,967,825 1,883,528 3,851,353
35 - 44 2,356,256 2,225,476 4,581,732
45 - 54 2,410,613 2,265,163 4,675,776
55 - 64 1,753,876 1,580,013 3,333,889
65 + 1,627,315 1,323,380 2,950,695
Total 11,633,350 10,644,902 22,278,252

Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries Where Victims Were Not Using Seat Belts - 2002-2006

  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Drivers
Fatalities 38.5 38.8 40.2 34.9 36.9
Serious Injuries 14.2 15.5 16.3 14.3 16.2
Passengers
Fatalities 35.9 39.4 39.6 35.4 38.7
Serious Injuries 20.4 20.9 23.4 19.9 24.6

Note: "Serious Injuries" include victims admitted to hospital for treatment or observation. "Serious injuries" prior to 2004 do not include British Columbia. The percentage of "serious injuries" for British Columbia was estimated for January, February and March 2004.

2006 - Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Age Group

  Fatalities Serious Injuries
Age Group (yrs) Drivers Passengers Drivers Passengers
0 - 4 0.0 3.3 0.0 2.7
5 - 14 0.2 5.9 0.5 8.8
15 - 19 10.0 19.5 10.6 20.0
20 - 24 13.3 13.9 14.7 15.6
25 - 34 18.7 12.8 19.9 14.6
35 - 44 15.8 11.2 19.4 10.5
45 - 54 16.6 8.2 16.0 8.6
55 - 64 11.8 7.6 9.9 5.7
65 + 13.3 16.2 8.6 9.1
Not Stated 0.3 1.4 0.4 4.4
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

2006 - Percentage of Fatally Injured Drivers Tested and Found to Have Been Drinking (BAC* > 0 mg%)

Percentage of Fatally Injured Drivers Tested and Found to Have Been Drinking (BAC > 0 mg %*), 1990-2005

*BAC: Blood Alcohol Concentration.

mg%: Weight of alcohol in the bloodstream stated as milligrams in 100 millilitres of blood.

1 Prior to 2001 BAC categories were reported as 81-150 mg% and >150 mg%.

Note: 2006 data were not available at the time of publication.

Source: Traffic Injury Research Foundation.

2006 - Percentage of Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Road User Class

Road User Class Fatalities Serious Injuries
Drivers 53.5 48.4
Passengers 21.4 25.8
Pedestrians 12.9 12.0
Bicyclists 2.5 3.3
Motorcyclists 7.6 8.7
Not Stated/Other 2.1 1.8
Total 100.0 100.0

To find out more about national road safety programs or initiatives, call Transport Canada toll free at 1-800-333-0371 or e-mail us at roadsafetywebmail@tc.gc.ca. You can also visit our site Motor Vehicle Safety or the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators.

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