Canadian Motor Vehicle Traffic Collision Statistics: 2005

Transport Canada
Motor Vehicle Safety
Collected in co-operation with the
Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators

TP 3322
Cat. T45-3/2005
ISBN 0-662-49667-1
December 2006

Table of Contents

The decline in police reporting in British Columbia in the years 1996 through 2004 has affected the British Columbia totals and, to a lesser extent, national totals reported in this publication.

Road Safety and Motor Vehicle
Regulation Directorate
Transport Canada
Tower C, Place de Ville
330 Sparks Street
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0N5

Collisions and Casualties - 1986-2005

Collisions Victims
Year Fatal
Footnote 1
Personal
Injury
Footnote 2
Fatalities
Footnote 3
 
Serious
Injuries
Footnote 4
 
Injuries
Footnote 5(Total)
1986 3,510 184,053 4,063 27,157 265,160
1987 3,729 193,237 4,283 28,000 280,605
1988 3,610 190,094 4,154 28,031 278,820
1989 3,651 192,595 4,238 27,422 284,937
1990 3,445 178,515 3,963 25,183 262,680
1991 3,228 170,693 3,690 26,035 249,217
1992 3,073 169,640 3,501 25,521 249,823
1993 3,121 168,106 3,615 23,902 247,593
1994 2,869 166,780 3,263 22,830 245,110
1995 2,854 164,190 3,351 21,494 241,935
1996 2,708 156,282 3,091 20,170 230,894
1997 2,646 150,118 3,063 19,027 221,499
1998 2,612 148,414 2,949 18,460 217,901
1999 2,636 151,110 2,985 17,582 222,579
2000 2,569 155,998Footnote r 2,927 17,283 227,516
2001Footnote * 2,434 151,828Footnote r 2,781 16,997 221,121
2002 2,593 157,074 2,931 17,830 227,983
2003 2,484 154,419Footnote r 2,766 17,730 222,455
2004 2430Footnote r 149,007Footnote r 2,725Footnote r 17,533 212,523Footnote r
2005 2,578 149,153 2,923 17,529 210,629

Fatalities and Injuries by Age Group

Age 
Group

Fatalities

Serious 
Injuries

 Injuries
(Total)

0 - 4

24

310

2,649

5 - 14

79

921

11,000

15 - 19

328

2,286

25,321

20 - 24

391

2,424

27,793

25 - 34

458

2,937

37,478

35 - 44

394

2,706

35,282

45 - 54

416

2,441

29,706

55 - 64

318

1,412

17,824

65 +

481

1,696

16,225

Not stated

34

396

7,351

Total

2,923

17,529

210,629

Fatalities by Road User Class - 2001-2005

Road User Class  

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Drivers

#

1,443

1,515

1,427

1,387Footnote r

1,557

 

%

51.9

51.7

51.6

50.9

53.3

Passengers

#

654

712

649

636Footnote r

683

 

%

23.5

24.3

23.5

23.3

23.3

Pedestrians

#

334Footnote r

368

379

367Footnote r

344

 

%

12.0

12.6

13.7

13.5

11.8

Bicyclists

#

60

63

44

56

52

 

%

2.2

2.1

1.6

2.0

1.8

MotorcyclistsFootnote *

#

157

172

177

198Footnote r

234

 

%

5.6

5.9

6.4

7.3

8.0

Not stated/Other

#

133Footnote r

101

90

81Footnote r

53

 

%

4.8

3.4

3.2

3.0

1.8

Total

#

2,781

2,931

2,766

2,725

2,923

  %

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Fatalities - 1986-2005

Canadian traffic fatalities and fatality rate, 1986-2005

Casualty Rates

Per 100,000 Population Per Billion Vehicle-KilometresFootnote 1 Per 100,000 Licensed Drivers

Fatalities

Injuries

Fatalities

Injuries

Fatalities

Injuries

Canada 9.1 652.7 9.3 668.0 13.3 960.2
N.L. 8.3 456.0 9.8 537.1 12.7 693.6
P.E.I. 10.9 543.8 11.3 565.7 15.8 789.5
N.S. 7.7 523.8 7.1 487.7 11.0 750.8
N.B. 14.1 528.6 13.6 508.5 20.0 751.0
Que. 9.3 752.3 10.6 871.2 14.7 1,212.4
Ont. 6.3 570.1 6.3 571.5 9.0 816.0
Man. 9.6 737.0 10.3 788.4 16.2 1,246.6
Sask. 14.8 690.5 13.2 612.8 21.8 1,012.9
Alta. 14.3 752.4 10.6 555.1 19.1 1,003.4
B.C. 10.8 675.6 13.9 873.3 15.8 987.7
Y.T. 19.4 626.0 12.3 396.4 25.5 823.8
N.W.T. 4.7 432.7 5.4 505.7 6.3 584.1
Nvt. 6.7 240.1 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.

Percentage of Fatally Injured Drivers Tested and Found to Have Been Drinking (BAC> 0 mg%)*

Percentage of Fatally Injured Drivers Tested and Found to Have Been Drinking (BAC > 0 mg %*), 1990-2004

 

*BAC:  : Blood Alcohol Concentration.

mg%: : Weight of alcohol in the bloodstream stated as milligrams in 100 millilitres of blood.

1 Prior to 2001 BAC categories were reported as 81-150 mg% and >150 mg%.

Note: : 2005 data were not available at the time of publication.

Source: : Traffic Injury Research Foundation.

Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries Where Victims Were Not Using Seat Belts, 2001-2005

 

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005
Drivers

  Fatalities

39.6

38.5

38.8

40.2

34.9

  Serious   Injuries

16.5

14.2

15.5

16.3

14.3
Passengers 

  Fatalities

41.9

35.9

39.4

39.6

35.4

  Serious   Injuries

23.6

20.4

20.9

23.4

19.9

Note:
"Serious Injuries" include victims admitted to hospital for treatment or observation.  
"Serious Injuries" prior to 2004 do not include British Columbia.  The percentage of "Serious Injuries" for British Columbia was estimated for January, February and March 2004.

Number of Collisions by Location

Location

Fatal

Personal Injury

Urban Footnote 1

941

105,516

Rural Footnote 2

1,606

41,677

Not stated

31

1,960

Total

2,578

149,153

Percentage of Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Road User Class

Road User Class

Fatalities

Serious Injuries

Drivers

 53.3

 50.1

Passengers

 23.3

26.0

Pedestrians

11.8

10.4

Bicyclists

1.8

3.4

Motorcyclists

8.0

8.1

Not Stated/Other

1.8

2.0

Total

100.0

100.0

Percentage of Driver and Passenger Fatalities and Serious Injuries by Age Group

Fatalities

Serious Injuries 

Age Group

Drivers

Passengers

Drivers

Passengers

0 - 4

0.0

2.8

0.0

5.6

5 - 14

0.2

7.6

0.5

10.8

15 - 19

8.9

19.2

10.9

18.9

20 - 24

14.5

13.7

15.0

14.0

25 - 34

18.5

12.8

19.7

13.0

35 - 44

15.4

8.9

18.6

9.9

45 - 54

15.6

7.6

16.1

8.8

55 - 64

11.8

9.6

9.2

5.8

65 +

14.9

16.7

9.6

9.0

Not Stated

0.2

1.1

0.4

4.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Number of Licensed Drivers by Gender and by Age

Age Group (years)

Males

Females

TotalFootnote *

< 16

31,110

20,675

51,785

16 - 19

550,471

485,911

1,036,383

20 - 24

917,884

884,501

1,762,388

25 - 34

1,960,123

1,866,483

3,826,607

35 - 44

2,386,674

2,250,478

4,637,162

45 - 54

2,357,698

2,207,880

4,565,593

55 - 64

1,688,156

1,508,174

3,196,340

65 +

1,586,176

1,274,332

2,860,520

Total*

11,478,292

10,458,434

21,936,778

Licensed Drivers and Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type of Vehicle 1986-2005 (in Thousands)

Licensed Drivers Footnote 1

Passenger Automobiles

Commercial Vehicles Footnote 2

Motorcycles Footnote 3

1986

16,226

11,586

3,285

465

1987

16,927

11,686

3,659

448

1988

17,155

12,086

3,850

400

1989

17,592

12,380

3,962

378

1990

17,718

12,622

4,000

359

1991

18,090

12,578

3,516

350

1992

18,465

12,781

3,461

339

1993

18,843

12,925

3,455

337

1994

19,243

13,131

3,510

330

1995

19,327

13,192

3,535

320

1996

19,964

13,251

3,620

312

1997

20,148

13,515

3,684

319

1998

20,744Footnote e

13,887

3,767

334

1999

20,934

16,538

722

274

2000

20,593

16,832

739

311

2001

20,879

17,055

729

318

2002

21,163

17,543

724

350

2003

21,436

17,755

740

373

2004

21,673

17,920

752

409

2005

21,937

18,124

786

443

To find out more about national road safety programs or initiatives, call Transport Canada toll free at 1-800-333-0371 or e-mail us at mvs-sa@tc.gc.ca. You can also visit our site Motor Vehicle Safety or the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators.

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