Pedestrian fatalities and injuries, 1992-2001

Motor Vehicle Safety
Transport Canada
Road Safety Fact Sheet
TP2436 E
December 2004


This document presents pedestrian fatalities and injuries resulting from collisions with motor vehicles on a roadway. The report reviews the number of pedestrian fatalities and injuries by age group and gender, by jurisdiction, time of day and month. The report also presents tables and charts showing the fatality and injury rates per 100,000 population, the distribution of fatalities and injuries by type of vehicle, vehicle manoeuvre, pedestrian action and the number and percentage of fatally injured pedestrians who had been drinking. 

In the tables relating to age group and gender, the sum of males and females do not always add to total fatalities and injuries1. For a relatively small number of fatalities and injuries, the gender was not specified in the collision report resulting in the gender being coded as unknown in the database. In tables showing percentage distributions, the totals may not add due to rounding.

Summary Findings

Over the 10-year period, 1992-2001:

  • Pedestrian fatalities averaged 416 per year and decreased 24.1 percent over the 10-year period.
  • Pedestrian injuries averaged 14,252 per year and decreased 10.2 percent from 1992 to 2001.
  • Overall males represented 61 percent of pedestrian fatalities while females accounted for 39 percent of fatalities.
  • The 65+ age group accounted for 27 percent and 39 percent of male and female pedestrian fatalities, respectively. Over the period, male fatalities over 64 years old decreased 12.7 percent and over 64 year old female fatalities decreased 30.4 percent.
  • Pedestrian fatalities decreased 24.1 percent compared to a decrease of 20.7 percent for all road users including pedestrians. Pedestrian fatalities were down 20 percent among males and down 30 percent among females. 
  • Pedestrian fatalities in urban areas represented 69.5 percent of all pedestrian fatalities over the 10 years. 
  • For pedestrians over 64 years of age, 85 percent of the fatalities occurred in an urban area.
  • Pedestrian injuries dropped 10 percent – decreases of 13 percent in male injuries and 7 percent in female injuries, while all road user injuries decreased 11.5 percent. 
  • An average of 95 percent of pedestrian injuries occurred in urban areas.

In 2001:

  • Pedestrian fatalities (334) decreased 10 percent from 2000 and represented 12 percent of all road user fatalities, while injuries (13,475) decreased 2 percent from 2000 and accounted for 6 percent of all road user injuries. 
  • Fatalities in 2001 were at their lowest level during the 10-year period. On average, 1 pedestrian fatality occurred each day in Canada.
  • Males accounted for 63.5 percent of pedestrian fatalities, and females accounted for 36.5 percent.
  • Pedestrian injuries were more evenly distributed between the genders with males accounting for 52 percent of injuries and females at 48 percent.
  • Of the 247 fatally injured pedestrians who were tested for alcohol use, 40.5 percent had been drinking. The majority of those tested and found to have been drinking had Blood Alcohol Concentrations (BAC) over the legal driving limit (80 mg%).

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